Imagine hearing a pinging sound while driving alone in your car. You check the back seat but there’s nothing there. You try to think if you have anything in the car that’s making the annoying sound. Then you turn pale as you realize where the clanking sound was coming from—not a ghost—but from your engine.
When you hear a pinging sound from your engine, your problem is most probably engine knocking. It is usually the aftermath of using the wrong kind of fuel for your car and it could lead to the total destruction of your engine.
When you fill up your car with the wrong kind of fuel, you’re not only wasting money on expensive gas, but you will also waste money on getting it fixed once it breaks down.
Contrary to popular belief, throwing in high octane fuel does not make your car perform better; it actually damages your engine. The only way your car will actually perform its best is if you feed it with the appropriate fuel.
Here are some tips that would help you choose the right fuel.
- Check if your car needs gas or diesel
If you feed a gas car with diesel and vice versa, the engine will not run. Upon making that monumental mistake, you’ll need to drain the tank, get it cleaned, and re-installed. The fuel injection must be cleaned as well for your car to work properly.
You can check for the label found on the fuel door or by the fuel filler neck to know what kind of fuel your car needs. You can also check your car’s documents or call the manufacturer to find out.
- Determine your car’s fuel grade
If your car is fueled by gasoline, you’ll need to know your car’s fuel grade. Diesel has only one grade fuel available so that’s not a problem for diesel users. For gas, there’s regular, mid-grade, and premium.
You can find out the fuel grade of your car the same way you found out if it’s for gas or diesel. However, if you have a performance vehicle, you’ll probably need to fill it up with premium gas.
- Be familiar with the different fuel types
Knowing the different fuel types can help you figure out which fuel type your vehicle needs. Some fuels are specifically for just a type of car.
Unleaded fuels have a Research Octane Number (RON). It is basically a rating that describes the fuel’s quality or ability to resist pre-ignition. The trick is to match your vehicle’s octane level requirement to that of the fuel you will feed it.
Here’s a quick guide:
a. Unleaded (ULP)
This type of fuel is classified as 91 RON. Most of the cars that are made from Japan and the Philippines run on this type of fuel. Cars that run on this type of fuel do not benefit from premium or ultra-premium petrol.
b. Premium (PULP)
Most European cars are made to run on this type of fuel. It has a 95 RON rating.
c. Ultra-Premium (UPULP)
The octane rating for this type of fuel is, obviously, higher than unleaded and premium. It has a rating of 98 RON.
d. Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)
This type of fuel is a lot cheaper than petrol. However, you need to convert your vehicle for it to be able to run on LPG.
There are only a few models of cars in the market that are factory made to run on this type of fuel, (i.e. Ford Falcon).
This is the most used type of fuel. It is mainly used in fleet cars, heavy vehicles, commercial, and passenger vehicles.
Aside from cars, it is also used in diesel engine power generators that give electricity to some areas.
f. E10 Ethanol Blend
Most cars can run on this type of fuel without risking pre-ignition. However, cars made before 1986 should check before filling their car up with this fuel. Also, most motorcycles cannot use this, unless their manual or manufacturer states otherwise.
Its octane level is actually higher than Unleaded.
This type of fuel is a mix of 85% ethanol and petrol and is popularly known as “E-Flex”. You should definitely make sure that your car is made to run on this fuel because it can cause engine failure if gassed up in the wrong car.
High ethanol levels can damage your car’s whole system. This fuel is relatively expensive.
Sometimes, cars are like people. If you feed them with the wrong kind of food, they will not function properly. Worst part is, if you feed them the wrong fuel and the car gets faulty, they break down completely.
With these tips, hopefully, you’ll now be more careful with your car fuel. It is still best to be prepared in case something does happen to your car even if it has nothing to do with the fuel— like having an insurance partner to come to your rescue in case the unexpected occurs—like MAPFRE INSULAR.
For more information on how to get additional protection for your car, visit www.mapfre.com.ph